Timeline Of Indian History From 1857 To 1947:
The revolt of 1857:
The Indian Mutiny, also known as the Sepoy Mutiny, ignited the first spark of the revolution. It began in Meerut and later spread to Delhi, Agra, Kanpur, and Lucknow. It was quite widespread.
Champaran Satyagraha of 1917:
It was the first satyagraha inspired by Mahatma Gandhi. The farmers in the Champaran district of Bihar were being forced to grow indigo. Besides, they were barely paid anything for their produce. This led to a farmer’s uprising.
The Non-Cooperation Movement of 1920:
It was led by Mahatma Gandhi post the Jallianwala Bagh Massacre. The movement lasted 2 years from 1920 to 1922. It embodied the idea of ‘non-violence’ or “Ahimsa”. Where protestors refused to buy British goods and adopted local goods. Indeed, it was the most significant phase of the Indian Independence Movement.
The Dandi March of 1930:
It is the most iconic act of non-violent civil disobedience. Gandhiji, along with a huge crowd walked from Sabarmati Ashram to Dandi beach as a means of non-violent protest against the repressive salt tax imposed by the British government.
Quit India Movement of 1942:
The Bombay session of the All-India Congress Committee got this movement rolling on 8th August 1942, during World War II. The mission was as clear as water – an end to the British Rule of India. In addition, Gandhiji made a call to Do or Die in his Quit India speech that he delivered in Bombay.
Indian Independence League 1947:
The Indian Independence League extended to people living outside India. It sought their approval of revoking the British colonial rule over India. The league was located in various parts of Southeast Asia.
Indian Independence Act of 1947:
The Indian Independence Act was an act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. The act partitioned British India into two new independent dominions of India and Pakistan. It received the assent of the royal family on 18th July 1947. In effect, India came into existence on August 15th and Pakistan on 14th August in the year 1947.
The timeline of Indian history from 1857 to 1947 traces the continuous and rigorous efforts our freedom fighters took to free the nation. And so, with it, 200 long years of slavery, oppression, and colonization came to an end!
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